Information Technology in Peru
Peruvian IT development is primarily intended to improve existing Peruvian industries, rather than to create a new IT-focused sector. Thus, government policy is heavily biased toward encouraging IT development for the sake of helping industry, as shown by the Centers for Technical Innovation program.
IT Supplementing Industry
The policies of the Peruvian government with respect to information technology (IT) are focused on using IT to improve the efficiency and productivity of the existing sectors of Peru's industrial production, as opposed to creating a new IT sector. As such, IT policy is primarily dictated by the Ministry of Industry, Tourism, Integration and International Commercial Negotiations, or MITINCI. According to MITINCI, only between 8 and 10 percent of the national capacity of research and development is directed toward the industrial sector, whereas in more advanced countries the proportion is between 50 and 80 percent. MITINCI, along with the National Confederation of Private Business Industries (CONFIEP), the national Society of Industries, the National Assembly of Directors and the Bolivar Program (an international NGO which promotes technological, productive, financial and commercial integration among the Latin American nations, as well as the integration of these countries with other regions of the world), has created the Science and Technology Program for production. The program will work on two tracks: one for innovation and technological development of the productive sector (projects of innovation and technological transference, and investment in infrastructure and services), and one to support to scientific and technological support of universities and nonprofit institutions (projects of research and development, creation of technological infrastructure, qualification, development of IS and diffusion of science and technology).
Centers of Technological Innovation
Toward the goal of using IT to promote other Peruvian industries, the government has recently passed a law initiating a set of public-private partnerships in various sectors. These Centers of Technological Innovation are intended to strengthen their sector through the implementation of more research and development, particularly in the IT field. Highlights of the law and its associated regulations are listed below.
Law 27267, May 25, 2000 - The Law of the Centers of Technological Innovation
Regulations of Law 27267
In the 1990s, the Fujimori government began a massive privatization drive. Information on the effects of this push can be found in liberalization and privatization.